15 Types and Causes of Bumps on Skin and How to Treat Them Quickly
Having raised bumps on skin is a pretty typical situation. Whether you should worry about them or not depends on the underlying condition that caused, and the issues that are being led by them. Most of the time, these skin bumps are harmless and are nothing, of which you should be worried. They can occur due to various reasons and can vary in the quantities and appearances, i.e., large or small, itchy or non-itchy, hard or soft, etc.
Not all skin bumps need proper medical treatment. However, it is always better to talk to your doctor, mainly if the lump is causing you a lot of discomforts. If you are concerned about the overall condition of your skin, or about any changes in your bumps, then give your doctor a visit.
Types and causes of raised bumps on skin
Just as we mentioned above, there is a considerable number of reasons that can lead to raised bumps on skin. The most common of these causes include an allergic reaction, an infection, skin cancer or a skin disorder. Each of these reasons gives rise to different case scenarios and requires a particular type of treatment (if it is causing discomfort).
According to research led by American Academy of Dermatology, acne is one of the most common skin conditions in the US. It usually causes itchy bumps on face allergic reaction, ranging from painless and small to large sized and painful. Most of the time, they come with swelling and the redness that covers the surrounding of the bump.
Just as its name suggests, this skin condition is, in fact, a reaction of the skin to an allergy, thus leading to red, itchy skin rashes. These rashes may be comprised of red, raised bumps present on the upper layer of the skin that crust, drain or ooze.
Angiomas can form anywhere on your body and are a pretty common type of skin growths. The only reason that causes them is the clumping of the blood vessels, which gives rise to a bright red, raised lump on or under the skin.
Boils are painful, raised red bumps on the surface of the skin. They often occur due to a fungal or bacterial infection of a hair follicle. The most common point of attack for boils are neck and face; you may also see this type of bumps of arms or legs, too. The best way to get rid of them is to let them rupture and weep the fluid out of them naturally or try Boils Remedies.
Herpes Simplex, the virus that results in cold sores, quite often attacks the area surrounding the mouth or other areas of the face. And the worst thing about them is that they can also burst. Apparently, these small bumps look blisters that are red and are filled inside. Lips often burn or tingle, even before the sore is visible on the skin.
Calluses or Corns
Calluses, also known by the name of corns, are thickened, rough areas on the skin. These look like round and small circles, and appear on the thick surface, such as on feet and hands and are a result of the friction.
Skin cyst can contain air, fluid or any other substance. They form under the skin and can get developed in any part of the body. The cysts can take the form of a small ball and can move around under the skin.
Bumps on skin caused by insect bites and stings
Itchy bumps on skin like mosquito bites are also common, particularly in the warmer areas of the world. They are often swollen and itchy, and can also lead to lingering pain.
Keloids are raised, smooth growths that can develop around the scars. They are observed to get formed on cheeks, shoulders, and chest.
If you are suffering from a condition in which the body protein grows than the average amounts, then you might also develop keratosis pilaris on the skin. It is a skin condition which causes bad-looking small bumps around hair follicles.
Lipomas are, in fact, a collection of overgrown fatty tissues under the skin. They are painless and form on shoulders, back or neck.
Moles may be raised or flat and are usually benign. Concerning their appearance, their color can either be dark-brown or the same as that of the affected skin.
If you have ever noticed tiny red spots on a skin with flesh-colored bumps, then your skin is under the effect of Molluscum Contagiosum. These bumps can have a dimple in their center and can develop in almost all parts of the body. The leading factor that causes the spread of this skin condition is skin-to-skin contact with the affected person.
Of all the skin conditions, psoriasis is a persistent one. It is a disease which makes it itchy, red and forms scaly patches on the skin. The worst thing about psoriasis is that it can affect any area of the body, including the unreachable parts.
Warts are rough, raised bumps and are the result of the infection caused by a virus named as Huma Papillomavirus. This virus thrives on feet, and the hands, and thus affects these two areas. They may be pink, slightly brown or skin-colored.
Know when should you see your doctor regarding bumps on skin
Even though most of the skin related conditions don’t need immediate medical treatment and aren’t a cause for worry, but you should immediately seek the help of your doctor, especially if:
- They cause discomfort, or you are in pain
- Skin bumps worsen in appearance or are lasting for a long time
- You are unaware of the reason of the bumps
- You suspect you have skin cancer or have an infection
Your doctor will inspect the skin bumps and perform a thorough skin biopsy. These processes involve taking off a small part of the affected area of the skin for the analysis purposes. He might also ask you some questions regarding your lifestyle habits and medical history, including the treatments you have been receiving. Depending on the results, obtained from a series of tests, he might refer you to a dermatologist for further evaluation.
How to treat bumps on skin Effectively?
The method of treating different skin bumps depends on the underlying reason that is causing them. In not-so-serious cases, treatment is usually not needed. However, you might want to get them removed for cosmetic reasons if the bumps are bothering you. For example, a skin specialist or dermatologist might remove warts or skin tags by freezing them off. He might also remove lipomas and cysts surgically.
In the cases, where the need for additional medical treatment is felt, the doctor might prescribe, his patients, a few medications that can assist in the elimination of the particular cause and the resulting skin bumps. For example, in fighting against the infections that happen due to bacteria, i.e., MRSA, you might need to use antibiotics.
Over-the-counter medications might also be prescribed if the infection is viral. Herpes and many other skin related viral infections can’t be treated and cured. However, it is possible to make use of a few home remedies or medications to relieve the patient of the symptoms.
If the analysis report shows that the skin bumps are precancerous or cancerous, then surgery will be unavoidable. You might also need to take several regular follow-up appointments so that the doctor can analyze the affected areas of the skin and makes sure that it doesn’t come back.
No matter which of the types of bumps on skin, you have, it is an excellent move to have a long-term outlook, as it lets you catch up to the cancerous cells in the early stages. Moreover, even if the bumps aren’t cancer-causing, then proper medication will help in easing the symptoms.