What are the side effects of Ritalin? Get your answers now!
Over the past few years, increased awareness has been created for the treatment of psychological disorders. By treatment, it is meant that medicines are now prescribed to control and prevent the symptoms of psychological and neurological disorders from worsening. Ritalin is one such drug that is used to treat patients who are suffering from ADHD and narcolepsy. In this article, we will not only take a look at what is Ritalin used for but will also overview what are the side effects of Ritalin; both short-term and long-term.
The generic name of Ritalin is ‘Methylphenidate.’ It is a medicine that is usually prescribed for patients who are suffering from neurological or psychological disorders. Most commonly, Ritalin is prescribed for patients with ADHD or narcolepsy.
It is a chemical stimulant that activates the neurotransmitters so that they actively carry out interactions between the brain and the body’s system. In this article, we answer questions like
- What are common Ritalin uses
- How does Ritalin work?
- What are the side effects of Ritalin
Many other things relevant to this particular drug are addressed in this article.
How does Ritalin work?
Interestingly many people are aware of what Ritalin is but not many know what does Ritalin do once it enters into our system. Ritalin is very similar to Amphetamine as far as the functionality, effect, and physical structure is concerned. It was developed and tested in 1944. It is considered to have similar effects as amphetamine and therefore, is openly prescribed to treat the same psychological problems as the latter.
Precautionary measures to intake Ritalin
Before we jump onto studying what are the side effects of Ritalin, it is first important to understand whether any precautionary measures are required to be followed to intake Ritalin.
- A person who is already diagnosed with conditions like anxiety or depression should not use Ritalin.
- Ritalin is not suitable medication for children. Ritalin for adults is only permissible to use.
- People with a family history of Tourette’s syndrome should not use it.
- Patients suffering from high blood pressure and heart diseases are not suitable candidates for Ritalin.
- It is not an appropriate drug for pregnant women and nursing mothers.
Side Effects of Ritalin
As it is a known fact that Ritalin is widely being used to treat ADHD and narcolepsy, it is pretty obvious that there are several benefits of using this drug. However, in this article, we are more concerned about studying what are the side effects of Ritalin. Therefore, we take a look at what are short-term and long-term side effects of Ritalin on the human body.
However, before revealing its side effects, it is important to remember that Ritalin abuse is the main culprit to blame. Using this medicine in controlled amount will not leave long-lasting damage to the human body. Ritalin high usage is the precursor for permanent damage.
Common side effects of Ritalin include the following.
- Weight loss
Ritalin weight loss is the most common side effect as a result of persistent use of this medicine. Patients experience rapid and unexplained weight loss that brings down the body weight to half its original ratio.
- Nervousness and Anxiety
On constant use, patients are likely to start complaining of experiencing feelings of nervousness, anxiety, and fear. These feelings are long term and will stay with the patient for a very long time. However, he might not be able to explain why he is feeling in a particular manner.
- Nausea and Vomiting
Common side effects as a result of excessive use of Ritalin also include nausea and vomiting. Patients have reported feeling a constant urge to vomit or throw up. Early morning sickness is also common for people who regularly use Ritalin.
- Dizziness and Occasional Fainting
Regular use of Ritalin can result in dizziness. In extreme case, the person can also faint. However, this is a temporary symptom and is most likely to diminish over the time.
- Severe Headaches
People who use Ritalin complain of severe headaches. Headaches can range in intensity; from mild to severe. In worse cases, the head feels like it is always throbbing.
- Palpitations and Increased Heart Rate
As a result of consistent use of Ritalin, the person might also experience palpitations and increased heart rate. The increase in heart rate can also lead to other problems of the heart such as heart attack or cardiac arrest in worst case scenario.
- Impaired Vision
Impaired vision is not a common symptom of Ritalin. It is a rare symptom. However, if it once appears, it is most likely going to be long term and persist over the time. Ritalin can mess with the visionary senses and can lead to problems in sight. In extreme cases, it can cause permanent damage to the vision as well.
- Skin Problems
Another common side effect of Ritalin is skin problems. The patient might complain of skin rashes, the appearance of red spots on the skin, dryness, and itchiness on the skin. However, this is not a long-term side effect and is likely to cease in a short time after appearing only temporarily.
- Digestive issues
The most common side effects related to the digestive system is the constant feeling of nausea or a persistent urge to vomit. Less common digestive issues that might arise as a result of excessive Ritalin use include loss of appetite, stomach ache, and constipation.
- Other Side Effects
Many other adverse effects are associated with the prolonged or excessive usage of Ritalin. These may include things like psychosis, hallucinations, cold hand and feet, muscle cramps, constipation or black colored stools. However, these are the rarest side effects and are not commonly observed in patients.