How to Prevent Symptoms of Blood Clot in Leg using Home Treatments
The symptoms of blood clot in leg are not something to be ignored, as they can lead to several life-threatening complications. A thrombus (blood clot) in the deep and superficial veins of the legs and arms can become extremely dangerous. It happens when it succeeds in breaking free, and travels to the heart through the blood vessels. There, it moves reaches the pulmonary arteries and forms pulmonary embolism.
Causes of deep vein thrombosis
The physiology of our body requires the blood to keep moving. In case if it gets stagnant, it may start clotting. In fact, the blood that is present in veins continually develops tiny lumps which are broken down by several processes in the body. If this delicate balance of clotting and their breakdown gets, somehow, disturbed, the number of clots will considerably increase. The factors that impact this balance include:
- Prolonged sitting and traveling
- Hereditary or genetic issues
- Polycythemia (Increased number of RBCs (Red Blood Cells))
- Fractured arm or leg
- Trauma to the veins
- Birth Control Pills
Symptoms of blood clot in legs
The signs of clotted blood in legs are directly related to the backup of blood in the leg caused by an obstruction in its pathway. The most common symptoms of blood clot in legs include:
It is important to note that you might or might not have all of the symptoms as mentioned earlier. There is also a possibility that you may develop neither of them, or the signs may mimic the situation of cellulitis or an infection in the concerned part.
The same symptoms might also appear for the thrombi in the superficial venous systems (the veins present near the surface of the skin). Most of the time, such clots are the result of the trauma to the veins. Inflammation may also be accompanied along with any other types of inflammations, and you might feel the particular blood vessel as thickened, solid cord.
Tests to diagnose the symptoms of blood clot in legs
In the past, healthcare professionals and doctors used to perform simple tests on their patients to identify the blood clot symptoms in arm or legs. Such criteria include looking for Pratt’s sign by squeezing the calf to produce pain, and Homan’s sign by pulling the toes of the patient towards the nose.
Today, however, the situations are different, and the medical experts don’t rely on such signs to perform the diagnosis or to make the decision of whether you have DVT or not. For the detection of blood clots, the doctor uses several risk stratification tools, along with the physical examination. All of these factors assist in making the decision. A D-dimer test of blood may also be used if the probability of the leg thrombosis is low.
If the D-dimer gets elevated, then there is a chance that you have a Deep Vein Thrombosis. Thus a thorough imaging study is needed to determine the exact location of the clot. But in case if the D-dimer gives a negative response then the existence of a DVT is highly unlikely.
Ultrasound is one of the most commonly used techniques to determine the presence of a DVT in the human body. The patient undergoes an ultrasound to let the doctor know the size, position, and risks involved with the blood clot in the vessels. If required, the report of a previous ultrasound might also be referenced to compare the size and age of the lump.
The D-dimer, just as we mentioned above, is primarily used as a screening test to find whether the clot exists in the body. D-dimer is a natural chemical product, which is released by the body when the clot dissolves in the blood. This test is used as a negative or positive indication.
How to prevent blood clots?
Obviously, the first and foremost thing that we would recommend you to do is to stay away from the potential factors leading to the blood clots. This includes smoking, particularly if you are undergoing hormone therapy, or are using birth control pills. Don’t forget to elevate your legs after some time to promote the flow of blood through them.
Experts recommend keeping your body active by getting up and walk after every two or three hours, especially if you are on a long trip. In the hospital environment, the staff takes proper measures to prevent the risks of thrombosis in the immobilized patients. The patients who recently underwent a surgery are given low dose enoxaparin or heparin and are made to move out of bed earlier.
Complications involved with symptoms of blood clot in legs
The pulmonary embolism is the trickiest situation often associated with a DVT. With signs such as breath shortness and chest pain, the PE can become a fatal condition. Most of the time, such a life-threatening situation arises from the clots present in the legs.
Another condition that can occur due to a Deep Vein Thrombosis is PPS (Post-Phlebitis Syndrome). In such a situation, the affected arm or leg swells chronically. The color of the skin changes and the ulcers on ankles and feet might also be observed.
How to get rid of a blood clot with medications?
The human body performs different complex mechanisms to utilize the clots in repairing the damaged blood vessels. However, for that numerous factors are required to be activated. Several anticoagulants, available in the market, can help in preventing the formation of an embolus and stop it from traveling to the lungs. These medications include:
- Warfarin (Jantoven, Coumadin)
- Unfractionated Heparin
- NOACs (Novel Oral Anticoagulants), more commonly known by the name of DOACs
- Enoxaparin (Low molecular weight heparin)
Blood clot in Leg treatment remedies
- Epsom Salt
Magnesium Sulfate, also referred to as Epsom salt, is responsible for improving the blood circulation and stops it from hardening. Therefore, it can be used as a remedy for a blood clot in leg treatment at home.
- Take a cup of Epsom salt
- Add this salt to your bathing water
- Soak in this water for about 25 minutes
Thanks to the presence of ajoene and allicin in garlic, it possesses excellent anti-thrombotic capabilities. It treats blood clots and helps in relieving the symptoms of blood clot in the leg.
- Take four fresh cloves of garlic and crush them
- Add and mix this garlic paste in a cup of warm water
- Let the mixture steep
- Drink before it cools down
- For added benefits and taste, you can also add some honey to it
Ginger is an excellent source of salicylate, which forms the basis of an extremely popular blood thinner, the acetylsalicylic acid. So, you can use ginger as a potential treatment for the clots.
- Take an inch of fresh ginger and peel it
- Put this peeled piece of ginger in a cup of hot water
- Let the mixture steep for about 15 minutes
- Cool it down to the room temperature
- Drink this tea at least three times every day
- If you are not a big fan of ginger flavor, then you can add some honey to taste
The curcumin, present in turmeric, is a fantastic antioxidant, and there are several ways in which it can help the body in treating skin diseases. It also acts as an anticoagulant and relieves the symptoms of blood clot in leg. For treating a blood clot, all you have got to do is add and mix a TBSP of turmeric powder to a glass of warm milk.